How do you define supervision?

I am developing a clinical supervision workshop for nurses. One of the learning outcomes is that they understand what is meant by clinical supervision and how it differs from appraisal, supervision, mentorship and preceptorship. Does anyone have a good definition of (managerial) supervision? It can be in any occupational context.

Eddie Newall

Answers

GrahamO'Connell's picture

Eddie
Try:
http://www.managementhelp.org/mgmnt/defntion.htm
and
Supervising involves determining or interpreting work procedures for a group of workers; assigning specific duties to the group; maintaining harmonious relations among them; and promoting efficiency. A variety of types of responsibilities is involved in this function.
blink.ucsd.edu/Blink/External/Glossary/View_Glossary/1,1332,105,00.html

The manner of providing a job environment that encourages employee accomplishment.
www.prenhall.com/rm_student/html/glossary/s_gloss.html

Relates to any type of probation or general management of a juvenile under conditions or rules of conduct or instruction.
www.hss.state.ak.us/djj/information/stats_fy2004/glossary.htm

means a professional relationship in which a licensed psychologist shall have oversight responsibility for the psychological work of an individual not licensed as a psychologist. The purpose of supervision shall be to provide training to assist the supervisee to achieve full licensure whether practicing under a special license or not. In the case of a supervisee practicing under a special license, the supervisor will be responsible for determining the extent and character of supervision, keeping in mind the education and experience of the supervisee. In all cases the supervisor shall be competent to provide the services being supervised.
www.hhs.state.ne.us/crl/mhcs/psych/practice.htm

Hope this helps
Graham

ewn1's picture

For those very useful definitions and links.

Hi Eddie

Thought you might be interested in reading the definition below about the nature of supervision which is based on an idea by Proctor (1986):

• Normative – the supervisor accepts (or more accurately shares with the supervisee) responsibility for ensuring that the supervisee’s work is professional and ethical, operating within whatever codesk laws and organisational norms apply
• Formative – the supervisor acts to provide feedback or direction that will enable the supervisee to develop the skills, theoretical knowledge, personal attributes and so on that will mean the supervisee becomes an increasingly competent practitioner
• Supportive – (Proctor calls this restorative) – the supervisor is there to listen, support, confront the supervisee when the inevitable personal issues, doubts and insecurities arise – and when client issues are ‘picked up’ by the supervisee

Barbara StClaire

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